Axis2 Quick Start Guide

The purpose of this guide is to get you started on creating services and clients using Axis2 as quickly as possible. We'll take a simple StockQuote Service and show you some of the different ways in which you can create and deploy it, as well as take a quick look at one or two utilities that come with Axis2. We'll then look at creating clients to access those services.

Content

A Quick Setup Note:

The code for the document can be found in the extracted Standard Binary Distribution, more specifically at Axis2_HOME/samples/ inside the directories- quickstart, quickstartadb, quickstartaxiom, quickstartjibx and quickstartxmlbeans. (Consider getting it now as it will help you to follow along.) It includes Ant buildfiles (build.xml) that we'll refer to throughout the examples to make compilation easier.

Introduction

Let's start with the service itself. We'll make it simple so you can see what is going on when we build and deploy the services. A StockQuoteService example seems to be mandatory in instances like this one, so let's use the following (see Code Listing 1).

Code Listing 1: The StockQuoteService class

package samples.quickstart.service.pojo;

import java.util.HashMap;

public class StockQuoteService {
    private HashMap map = new HashMap();

    public double getPrice(String symbol) {
        Double price = (Double) map.get(symbol);
        if(price != null){
            return price.doubleValue();
        }
        return 42.00;
    }

    public void update(String symbol, double price) {
        map.put(symbol, new Double(price));
    }
}

It will be a simple service with two possible calls. One of which is an in/out message, and the other is an in-only service. Ultimately, we'll package the service and deploy it in four different ways.

First, let's look at how this simple Java class corresponds to a service.

Getting Ready

Before we build anything using Axis2, we have to take care of a little housekeeping. First off, you'll need to get your environment ready for working with Axis2. Fortunately, it involves just a few simple steps:

  1. Download and install Java (Minimum version is JDK1.5). Set the JAVA_HOME environment variable to the pathname of the directory into which you installed the JDK release.
  2. Download Axis2 and extract it to a target directory.
  3. Copy the axis2.war file to the webapps directory of your servlet engine.
  4. Set the AXIS2_HOME environment variable to point to the target directory in step. Note that all of the scripts and build files Axis2 generates depend on this value, so don't skip this step! Linux users can alternatively run the setenv.sh file in the AXIS2_HOME/bin directory to set the AXIS2_HOME environment variable to the pathname of the extracted directory of Axis2.

In most cases, we're also going to need a WSDL file for our service. Axis2's Java2WSDL can be used to bootstrap a WSDL. To generate a WSDL file from a Java class, perform the following steps:

  1. Create and compile the Java class.
    (Windows)
    %AXIS2_HOME%\bin\java2wsdl -cp . -cn samples.quickstart.service.pojo.StockQuoteService -of StockQuoteService.wsdl
    
    (Linux)
    $AXIS2_HOME/bin/java2wsdl -cp . -cn samples.quickstart.service.pojo.StockQuoteService -of StockQuoteService.wsdl
    
  2. Generate the WSDL using the command:

Once you've generated the WSDL file, you can make the changes you need. For example, you might add custom faults or change the name of the generated elements. For example, this StockQuoteService.wsdl is in AXIS2_HOME/samples/quickstartadb/resources/META-INF folder, which we'll be using throughout the rest of this guide, replaces the generic parameters created by the generation process.

Axis2 Services

Before we build anything, it's helpful to understand what the finished product looks like.

The server side of Axis2 can be deployed on any Servlet engine, and has the following structure. Shown in Code Listing 2.

Code Listing 2: The Directory Structure of axis2.war

axis2-web 
META-INF
WEB-INF
    classes 
    conf
        axis2.xml 
    lib
        activation.jar
        ...
        xmlSchema.jar
    modules
        modules.list 
        addressing.mar
        ...
        soapmonitor.mar
    services
        services.list
        aservice.aar
        ...
        version.aar
    web.xml

Starting at the top, axis2-web is a collection of JSPs that make up the Axis2 administration application, through which you can perform any action such as adding services and engaging and dis-engaging modules. The WEB-INF directory contains the actual java classes and other support files to run any services deployed to the services directory.

The main file in all this is axis2.xml, which controls how the application deals with the received messages, determining whether Axis2 needs to apply any of the modules defined in the modules directory.

Services can be deployed as *.aar files, as you can see here, but their contents must be arranged in a specific way. For example, the structure of this service will be as follows:

- StockQuoteService
   - META-INF
     - services.xml
   - lib
   - samples
     - quickstart
       - service
         - pojo
           - StockQuoteService.class

Here, the name of the service is StockQuoteService, which is specified in the services.xml file and corresponds to the top-level folder of this service. Compiled Java classes are placed underneath this in their proper place based on the package name. The lib directory holds any service-specific JAR files needed for the service to run (none in this case) besides those already stored with the Axis2 WAR file and the servlet container's common JAR directories. Finally, the META-INF directory contains any additional information about the service that Axis2 needs to execute it properly. The services.xml file defines the service itself and links the Java class to it (See Code Listing 3).

Code Listing 3: The Service Definition File

<service name="StockQuoteService" scope="application">
    <description>
        Stock Quote Sample Service
    </description>
    <messageReceivers>
        <messageReceiver 
            mep="http://www.w3.org/2004/08/wsdl/in-only"
    class="org.apache.axis2.rpc.receivers.RPCInOnlyMessageReceiver"/>
        <messageReceiver
            mep="http://www.w3.org/2004/08/wsdl/in-out"
    class="org.apache.axis2.rpc.receivers.RPCMessageReceiver"/>
    </messageReceivers>
    <parameter name="ServiceClass">
        samples.quickstart.service.pojo.StockQuoteService
    </parameter>
</service>

Here the service is defined, along with the relevant messageReceiver types for the different message exchange patterns.

The META-INF directory is also the location for any custom WSDL files you intend to include for this application.

You can deploy a service by simply taking this hierarchy of files and copying it to the webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory of your servlet engine. (Note the Axis2 WAR file must be installed first in the servlet engine.) This is known as the "exploded" format. You can also compress your documents into an *.aar file, similar to a *.jar file, and place the *.aar file directly in the servlet engine's webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory.

Now that you understand what we're trying to accomplish, we're almost ready to start building.

First, download and unzip the appropriate version of Axis2 Standard Binary Distribution. Make sure that you set the value of the AXIS2_HOME variable to match the location into which you extracted the contents of this release.

Let's look at some different ways to create clients and services.

Creating Services

In this section, we'll look at five ways to create a service based on the StockQuoteService class: deploying Plain Old Java Objects (POJO), building the service using AXIOM's OMElement, generating the service using Axis2 Databinding Framework (ADB), generating the service using XMLBeans, and generating the service using JiBX.

Deploying POJOs

To deploy the service using POJOs (Plain Old Java Objects), execute the following steps.

Note the directory structure contained at AXIS2_HOME/samples/quickstart (the services.xml file is from the first section of this guide):

- quickstart
   - README.txt
   - build.xml
   - resources
     - META-INF
       - services.xml
   - src
     - samples
       - quickstart
         - service
           - pojo
             - StockQuoteService.java

Note that you can generate a WSDL from the quickstart directory by typing:

ant generate.wsdl
However, creating StockQuoteService.wsdl is optional. It can be the version generated directly from the Java class, or a customized version of that file, and that services.xml is the same file referenced earlier in this document.

Now build the project by typing ant generate.service in the quickstart directory, which creates the following directory structure:

- quickstart/build/classes
   - META-INF
     - services.xml
   - samples
     - quickstart
       - service
         - pojo
           - StockQuoteService.class

If you want to deploy the service in an exploded directory format, rename the classes directory to StockQuoteService, and copy it to the webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory in your servlet engine. Otherwise, copy the build/StockQuoteService.aar file to the webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory in your servlet engine. Then check to make sure that the service has been properly deployed by viewing the list of services at:

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/listServices

You can also checkout the WSDL at:

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?wsdl

And the schema at:

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?xsd

Once the URLs are working, quickly test the service. Try pointing your browser to the following URL:

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService/getPrice?symbol=IBM

You will get the following response:

<ns:getPriceResponse xmlns:ns="http://pojo.service.quickstart.samples/xsd"><ns:return>42</ns:return></ns:getPriceResponse>

If you invoke the update method as,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService/update?symbol=IBM&price=100
and then execute the first getPrice URL, you will see that the price has got updated.

Building the Service using AXIOM

To build a service "from scratch" using AXIOM, execute the following steps.

Note the directory structure contained at /samples/quickstartaxiom:

- quickstartaxiom
   - README.txt
   - build.xml
   - resources
     - META-INF
       - services.xml
       - StockQuoteService.wsdl
   - src
     - samples
       - quickstart
         - service
           - axiom
             - StockQuoteService.java
         - clients
           - AXIOMClient.java

Since AXIOM is a little different, you're going to need a different services.xml file from the one used for POJO. Define it, as shown in Code Listing 4.

Code Listing 4: The Service Definition File.

<service name="StockQuoteService" scope="application">
    <description>
        Stock Quote Service
    </description>
    <operation name="getPrice">
        <messageReceiver class="org.apache.axis2.receivers.RawXMLINOutMessageReceiver"/>
    </operation>
    <operation name="update">
        <messageReceiver class="org.apache.axis2.receivers.RawXMLINOnlyMessageReceiver"/>
    </operation>
    <parameter name="ServiceClass">samples.quickstart.service.axiom.StockQuoteService</parameter>
</service>

Note that it's almost the same, except that the operations are explicitly defined in the service.xml file, and the MessageReceivers are now RawXML.

Now, the above referenced StockQuoteService.java class, a plain Java class that uses classes from the Axis2 libraries, is defined as shown in Code Listing 5.

Code Listing 5: The StockQuoteService Class using AXIOM

package samples.quickstart.service.axiom;

import javax.xml.stream.XMLStreamException;
import org.apache.axiom.om.OMAbstractFactory;
import org.apache.axiom.om.OMElement;
import org.apache.axiom.om.OMFactory;
import org.apache.axiom.om.OMNamespace;

import java.util.HashMap;
public class StockQuoteService {
    private HashMap map = new HashMap();

    public OMElement getPrice(OMElement element) throws XMLStreamException {
        element.build();
        element.detach();

        OMElement symbolElement = element.getFirstElement();
        String symbol = symbolElement.getText();

        String returnText = "42";
        Double price = (Double) map.get(symbol);
        if(price != null){
            returnText  = "" + price.doubleValue();
        }
        OMFactory fac = OMAbstractFactory.getOMFactory();
        OMNamespace omNs =
            fac.createOMNamespace("http://axiom.service.quickstart.samples/xsd", "tns");
        OMElement method = fac.createOMElement("getPriceResponse", omNs);
        OMElement value = fac.createOMElement("price", omNs);
        value.addChild(fac.createOMText(value, returnText));
        method.addChild(value);
        return method;
    }

    public void update(OMElement element) throws XMLStreamException {
        element.build();
        element.detach();

        OMElement symbolElement = element.getFirstElement();
        String symbol = symbolElement.getText();

        OMElement priceElement = (OMElement)symbolElement.getNextOMSibling();
        String price = priceElement.getText();

        map.put(symbol, new Double(price));
    }
}

Axis2 uses AXIOM, or the AXIs Object Model, a DOM (Document Object Model)-like structure that is based on the StAX API (Streaming API for XML). Methods that act as services must take as their argument an OMElement, which represents an XML element that happens, in this case, to be the payload of the incoming SOAP message. Method getPrice(OMElement), for example, extracts the contents of the first child of the payload element, which corresponds to the stock symbol, and uses this to look up the current price of the stock. Unless this is an "in only" service, these methods must return an OMElement, because that becomes the payload of the return SOAP message.

Now build the project by typing ant generate.service in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartaxiom directory.

Place the StockQuoteService.aar file in the webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory of the servlet engine, and check to make sure that the service has been properly deployed by viewing the list of services at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/listServices

You can also check the custom WSDL at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?wsdl

and the schema at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?xsd

Generating the Service using ADB

To generate and deploy the service using the Axis2 Databinding Framework (ADB), execute the following steps.

Generate the skeleton using the WSDL2Java utility by typing the following in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartadb directory:

(Windows)
%AXIS2_HOME%\bin\wsdl2java -uri resources\META-INF\StockQuoteService.wsdl -p samples.quickstart.service.adb -d adb -s -ss -sd -ssi -o build\service

(Linux)
$AXIS2_HOME/bin/wsdl2java -uri resources/META-INF/StockQuoteService.wsdl -p samples.quickstart.service.adb -d adb -s -ss -sd -ssi -o build/service

Else, simply type ant generate.service in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartadb directory.

The option -d adb specifies Axis Data Binding (ADB). The -s switch specifies synchronous or blocking calls only. The -ss switch creates the server side code (skeleton and related files). The -sd switch creates a service descriptor (services.xml file). The -ssi switch creates an interface for the service skeleton. The service files should now be located at build/service.

If you generated the code by using WSDL2Java directly, next you have to modify the generated skeleton to implement the service (if you used "ant generate.service", a completed skeleton will be copied over the generated one automatically).

Open the build/service/src/samples/quickstart/adb/service/StockQuoteServiceSkeleton.java file and modify it to add the functionality of your service to the generated methods; shown in Code Listing 6.

Code Listing 6: Defining the Service Skeleton File

package samples.quickstart.service.adb;

import samples.quickstart.service.adb.xsd.GetPriceResponse;
import samples.quickstart.service.adb.xsd.Update;
import samples.quickstart.service.adb.xsd.GetPrice;

import java.util.HashMap;

public class StockQuoteServiceSkeleton {

    private static HashMap map;

    static{ map = new HashMap(); }

    public void update(Update param0) {
        map.put(param0.getSymbol(), new Double(param0.getPrice()));
    }

    public GetPriceResponse getPrice(GetPrice param1) {
        Double price = (Double) map.get(param1.getSymbol());
        double ret = 42;
        if(price != null){
            ret = price.doubleValue();
        }
        GetPriceResponse res =
                new GetPriceResponse();
        res.set_return(ret);
        return res;
    }
}

Now you can build the project by typing the following command in the build/service directory:

ant jar.server

If all goes well, you should see the BUILD SUCCESSFUL message in your window, and the StockQuoteService.aar file in the build/service/build/lib directory. Copy this file to the webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory of the servlet engine.

You can check to make sure that the service has been properly deployed by viewing the list of services at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/listServices

You can also check the custom WSDL at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?wsdl

and the schema at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?xsd

Generating the Service using XMLBeans

To generate a service using XMLBeans, execute the following steps.

Generate the skeleton using the WSDL2Java utility by typing the following in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartxmlbeans directory.

%AXIS2_HOME%\bin\wsdl2java -uri resources\META-INF\StockQuoteService.wsdl -p samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans -d xmlbeans -s -ss -sd -ssi -o build\service

Else simply type ant generate.service in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartxmlbeans directory.

The option -d xmlbeans specifies XML Beans data binding. The -s switch specifies synchronous or blocking calls only. The -ss switch creates the server side code (skeleton and related files). The -sd switch creates a service descriptor (services.xml file). The -ssi switch creates an interface for the service skeleton. The service files should now be located at build/service.

If you generated the code by using WSDL2Java directly, next you have to modify the generated skeleton to implement the service (if you used "ant generate.service", a completed skeleton will be copied over the generated one automatically).

Next open the build/service/src/samples/quickstart/service/xmlbeans/StockQuoteServiceSkeleton.java file and modify it to add the functionality of your service to the generated methods (see Code Listing 7).

Code Listing 7: Defining the Service Skeleton

package samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans;

import samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans.xsd.GetPriceDocument;
import samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans.xsd.GetPriceResponseDocument;
import samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans.xsd.UpdateDocument;

import java.util.HashMap;

public class StockQuoteServiceSkeleton implements StockQuoteServiceSkeletonInterface {

    private static HashMap map;

    static{ map = new HashMap(); }

    public void update(UpdateDocument param0) {
        map.put(param0.getUpdate().getSymbol(), new Double(param0.getUpdate().getPrice()));
    }

    public GetPriceResponseDocument getPrice(GetPriceDocument param1) {
        Double price = (Double) map.get(param1.getGetPrice().getSymbol());
        double ret = 42;
        if(price != null){
            ret = price.doubleValue();
        }
        System.err.println();
        GetPriceResponseDocument resDoc =
                GetPriceResponseDocument.Factory.newInstance();
        GetPriceResponseDocument.GetPriceResponse res =
                resDoc.addNewGetPriceResponse();
        res.setReturn(ret);
        return resDoc;
    }
}

Build the project by typing the following command in the build/service directory, which contains the build.xml file:

ant jar.server

If all goes well, you should see the BUILD SUCCESSFUL message in your window, and the StockQuoteService.aar file in the newly created build/service/build/lib directory. Copy this file to the webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory of the servlet engine.

You can check to make sure that the service has been properly deployed by viewing the list of services at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/listServices

You can also check the custom WSDL at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?wsdl

and the schema at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?xsd

Generating the Service using JiBX

To generate and deploy the service using JiBX data binding, execute the following steps.

Generate the skeleton using the WSDL2Java utility by typing the following at a console in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartjibx directory:

%AXIS2_HOME%\bin\wsdl2java -uri resources\META-INF\StockQuoteService.wsdl -p samples.quickstart.service.jibx -d jibx -s -ss -sd -ssi -uw -o build\service

Else, simply type "ant generate.service" in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartjibx directory.

The option -d jibx specifies JiBX data binding. The -s switch specifies synchronous or blocking calls only. The -ss switch creates the server side code (skeleton and related files). The -sd switch creates a service descriptor (services.xml file). The -ssi switch creates an interface for the service skeleton. The -uw switch unwraps the parameters passed to and from the service operations in order to create a more natural programming interface.

After running WSDL2Java, the service files should be located at build/service. If you generated the code by using WSDL2Java directly, you need to modify the generated skeleton to implement the service (if you used "ant generate.service" a completed skeleton will be copied over the generated one automatically). Open the build/service/src/samples/quickstart/service/jibx/StockQuoteServiceSkeleton.java file and modify it to add the functionality of your service to the generated methods, as shown in Code Listing 8.

Code Listing 8: Defining the Service Skeleton File

package samples.quickstart.service.jibx;

import java.util.HashMap;

public class StockQuoteServiceSkeleton implements StockQuoteServiceSkeletonInterface {
    private HashMap map = new HashMap();

    public void update(String symbol, Double price) {
        map.put(symbol, price);
    }

    public Double getPrice(String symbol) {
        Double ret = (Double) map.get(symbol);
        if (ret == null) {
            ret = new Double(42.0);
        }
        return ret;
    }
}

Now you can build the project by typing the following command in the build/service directory:

ant jar.server

If all goes well, you should see the BUILD SUCCESSFUL message in your window, and the StockQuoteService.aar file in the build/service/build/lib directory. Copy this file to the webapps/axis2/WEB-INF/services directory of the servlet engine.

You can check to make sure that the service has been properly deployed by viewing the list of services at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/listServices

You can also check the custom WSDL at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?wsdl

and the schema at,

http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService?xsd

For more information on using JiBX with Axis2, see the JiBX code generation integration details.

Creating Clients

In this section, we'll look at four ways to create clients based on the StockQuoteService class: building an AXIOM based client, generating a client using Axis2 Databinding Framework (ADB), generating a client using XMLBeans, and generating a client using JiBX.

Creating a Client with AXIOM

To build a client using AXIOM, execute the following steps.

Also, note the directory structure shown in the Creating a service with AXIOM section, duplicated below for completeness.

- quickstartaxiom
   - README.txt
   - build.xml
   - resources
     - META-INF
       - services.xml
       - StockQuoteService.wsdl
   - src
     - samples
       - quickstart
         - service
           - axiom
             - StockQuoteService.java
         - clients
           - AXIOMClient.java

The above referenced AXIOMClient.java class is defined as follows, shown in Code Listing 9.

Code Listing 9: The AXIOMClient class using AXIOM

package samples.quickstart.clients;

import org.apache.axiom.om.OMAbstractFactory;
import org.apache.axiom.om.OMElement;
import org.apache.axiom.om.OMFactory;
import org.apache.axiom.om.OMNamespace;
import org.apache.axis2.Constants;
import org.apache.axis2.addressing.EndpointReference;
import org.apache.axis2.client.Options;
import org.apache.axis2.client.ServiceClient;

public class AXIOMClient {

    private static EndpointReference targetEPR = 
        new EndpointReference("http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService");

    public static OMElement getPricePayload(String symbol) {
        OMFactory fac = OMAbstractFactory.getOMFactory();
        OMNamespace omNs = fac.createOMNamespace("http://axiom.service.quickstart.samples/xsd", "tns");

        OMElement method = fac.createOMElement("getPrice", omNs);
        OMElement value = fac.createOMElement("symbol", omNs);
        value.addChild(fac.createOMText(value, symbol));
        method.addChild(value);
        return method;
    }

    public static OMElement updatePayload(String symbol, double price) {
        OMFactory fac = OMAbstractFactory.getOMFactory();
        OMNamespace omNs = fac.createOMNamespace("http://axiom.service.quickstart.samples/xsd", "tns");

        OMElement method = fac.createOMElement("update", omNs);

        OMElement value1 = fac.createOMElement("symbol", omNs);
        value1.addChild(fac.createOMText(value1, symbol));
        method.addChild(value1);

        OMElement value2 = fac.createOMElement("price", omNs);
        value2.addChild(fac.createOMText(value2,
                                         Double.toString(price)));
        method.addChild(value2);
        return method;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            OMElement getPricePayload = getPricePayload("WSO");
            OMElement updatePayload = updatePayload("WSO", 123.42);
            Options options = new Options();
            options.setTo(targetEPR);
            options.setTransportInProtocol(Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP);

            ServiceClient sender = new ServiceClient();
            sender.setOptions(options);

            sender.fireAndForget(updatePayload);
            System.err.println("price updated");
            OMElement result = sender.sendReceive(getPricePayload);

            String response = result.getFirstElement().getText();
            System.err.println("Current price of WSO: " + response);

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
}

Axis2 uses AXIOM, or the AXIs Object Model, a DOM (Document Object Model)-like structure that is based on the StAX API (Streaming API for XML). Here you setup the payload for the update and getPrice methods of the service. The payloads are created similar to how you created the getPriceResponse payload for the AXIOM service. Then you setup the Options class, and create a ServiceClient that you'll use to communicate with the service. First you call the update method, which is a fireAndForget method that returns nothing. Lastly, you call the getPrice method, and retrieve the current price from the service and display it.

Now you can build and run the AXIOM client by typing ant run.client in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartaxiom directory.

You should get the following as output:

done
Current price of WSO: 123.42

Generating a Client using ADB

To build a client using Axis Data Binding (ADB), execute the following steps.

Generate the client databings by typing the following in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartadb directory:

%AXIS2_HOME%\bin\wsdl2java -uri resources\META-INF\StockQuoteService.wsdl -p samples.quickstart.clients -d adb -s -o build\client

Else, simply type ant generate.client in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartadb directory.

Next take a look at quickstartadb/src/samples/quickstart/clients/ADBClient.java, and see how it's defined in Code Listing 10.

Code Listing 10: The ADBClient Class

package samples.quickstart.clients;

import samples.quickstart.service.adb.StockQuoteServiceStub;

public class ADBClient{
    public static void main(java.lang.String args[]){
        try{
            StockQuoteServiceStub stub =
                new StockQuoteServiceStub
                ("http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService");

            getPrice(stub);
            update(stub);
            getPrice(stub);

        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

    /* fire and forget */
    public static void update(StockQuoteServiceStub stub){
        try{
            StockQuoteServiceStub.Update req = new StockQuoteServiceStub.Update();
            req.setSymbol ("ABC");
            req.setPrice (42.35);

            stub.update(req);
            System.err.println("price updated");
        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

    /* two way call/receive */
    public static void getPrice(StockQuoteServiceStub stub){
        try{
            StockQuoteServiceStub.GetPrice req = new StockQuoteServiceStub.GetPrice();

            req.setSymbol("ABC");

            StockQuoteServiceStub.GetPriceResponse res =
                stub.getPrice(req);

            System.err.println(res.get_return());
        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

}

This class creates a client stub using the Axis Data Bindings you created. Then it calls the getPrice and update operations on the Web service. The getPrice method operation creates the GetPrice payload and sets the symbol to ABC. It then sends the request and displays the current price. The update method creates an Update payload, setting the symbol to ABC and the price to 42.35.

Now build and run the client by typing ant run.client in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartadb directory.

You should get the following as output:

42
price updated
42.35

Generating a Client using XMLBeans

To build a client using the XML Beans data bindings, execute the following steps.

Generate the databings by typing the following in the xmlbeansClient directory.

%AXIS2_HOME%\bin\wsdl2java -uri resources\META-INF\StockQuoteService.wsdl -p samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans -d xmlbeans -s -o build\client

Else, simply type ant generate.client in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartxmlbeans directory.

Note that this creates a client stub code and no server side code.

Next take a look at quickstartxmlbeans/src/samples/quickstart/clients/XMLBEANSClient.java, and see how it's defined in Code Listing 11.

Code Listing 11: The XMLBEANSClient class

package samples.quickstart.clients;

import samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans.StockQuoteServiceStub;
import samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans.xsd.GetPriceDocument;
import samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans.xsd.GetPriceResponseDocument;
import samples.quickstart.service.xmlbeans.xsd.UpdateDocument;

public class XMLBEANSClient{

    public static void main(java.lang.String args[]){
        try{
            StockQuoteServiceStub stub =
                new StockQuoteServiceStub
                ("http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService");

            getPrice(stub);
            update(stub);
            getPrice(stub);

        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

    /* fire and forget */
    public static void update(StockQuoteServiceStub stub){
        try{
            UpdateDocument reqDoc = UpdateDocument.Factory.newInstance();
            UpdateDocument.Update req = reqDoc.addNewUpdate();
            req.setSymbol ("BCD");
            req.setPrice (42.32);

            stub.update(reqDoc);
            System.err.println("price updated");
        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

    /* two way call/receive */
    public static void getPrice(StockQuoteServiceStub stub){
        try{
            GetPriceDocument reqDoc = GetPriceDocument.Factory.newInstance();
            GetPriceDocument.GetPrice req = reqDoc.addNewGetPrice();
            req.setSymbol("BCD");

            GetPriceResponseDocument res =
                stub.getPrice(reqDoc);

            System.err.println(res.getGetPriceResponse().getReturn());
        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }
}

This class creates a client stub using the XML Beans data bindings you created. Then it calls the getPrice and the update operations on the Web service. The getPrice method operation creates the GetPriceDocument, its inner GetPrice classes and sets the symbol to ABC. It then sends the request and retrieves a GetPriceResponseDocument and displays the current price. The update method creates an UpdateDocument, updates and sets the symbol to ABC and price to 42.32, displaying 'done' when complete.

Now build and run the the project by typing ant run.client in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartxmlbeans directory.

You should get the following as output:

42
price updated
42.32

Generating a Client using JiBX

To build a client using JiBX, execute the following steps.

Generate the client stub by typing the following at a console in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartjibx directory.

%AXIS2_HOME%\bin\wsdl2java -uri resources\META-INF\StockQuoteService.wsdl -p samples.quickstart.clients -d jibx -s -uw -o build\client

Else, simply type "ant generate.client".

Next take a look at quickstartjibx/src/samples/quickstart/clients/JiBXClient.java, shown below in Code Listing 12.

Code Listing 12: The JiBXClient class

package samples.quickstart.clients;

import samples.quickstart.service.jibx.StockQuoteServiceStub;

public class JiBXClient{
    public static void main(java.lang.String args[]){
        try{
            StockQuoteServiceStub stub =
                new StockQuoteServiceStub
                ("http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/StockQuoteService");

            getPrice(stub);
            update(stub);
            getPrice(stub);

        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

    /* fire and forget */
    public static void update(StockQuoteServiceStub stub){
        try{
            stub.update("CDE", new Double(42.35));
            System.err.println("price updated");
        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

    /* two way call/receive */
    public static void getPrice(StockQuoteServiceStub stub){
        try{
            System.err.println(stub.getPrice("CDE"));
        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.err.println("\n\n\n");
        }
    }

}

This class uses the created JiBX client stub to access the getPrice and the update operations on the Web service. The getPrice method sends a request for the stock "ABC" and displays the current price. The update method setsnex the price for stock "ABC" to 42.35.

Now build and run the client by typing "ant run.client" at a console in the Axis2_HOME/samples/quickstartjibx directory.

You should get the following as output:

42
price updated
42.35

For more information on using JiBX with Axis2, see the JiBX code generation integration details.

Summary

Axis2 provides a slick and robust way to get web services up and running in no time. This guide presented five methods of creating a service deployable on Axis2, and four methods of creating a client to communicate with the services. You now have the flexibility to create Web services using a variety of different technologies.